Archer, T., Kostrzewa, R. M., Department of Psychology, Psykologiska institutionen, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Faculty of Social Sciences. . Göteborgs universitet. (2012). Physical exercise alleviates ADHD symptoms: Regional deficits and development trajectory.Neurotoxicity Research,21(2), 195-209. doi:10.1007/s12640-011-9260-0
Huang, C., Lee, L., & Chang, M. (2007). The Influences Of Personality And Motivation On Exercise Participation And Quality Of Life. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal Soc Behav Pers, 1189-1210.
Constable et al. Conformity, Compliance, and Obedience. PSY 324, Advanced Social Psychology, Miami University, 2015, web.
Niccum, Kelly. Professor and Coaches: Who Has More Authority? The University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
Be Happy, Be Healthy, Be Fit!
Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention. (2015). The Benefits of Physical
Activity. Retrieved on November 15, 2015 from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm - ReduceCardiovascularDisease
National Institutes of Health. (2015). The Benefits of Physical Activity. Retrieved
on November 15, 2015 from
Bystander Intervention. (2015). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from https://studentaffairs.stanford.edu/sara/education/bystander
Gansberg, M. (1964, March 26). 37 Who Saw Murder Didn't Call the Police. Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/1964/03/27/37-who-saw-murder-didnt-call-the-police.html?_r=0
Jason, M., & Dacher, K. (2006, September 1). We Are All Bystanders. Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/we_are_all_bystanders/
What is the
Bystander Effect? (2003). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-the-bystander-effect.htm
Bellar, D., Judge, L. W., Petersen, J., Bellar, A., & Bryan, C. L. (2014). Exercise and academic performance among nursing and kinesiology students at US colleges. Journal of Education and Health Promotion, 3, 9. http://doi.org/10.4103/2277-9531.127560
Weir, Kristen. (2011, December). The Exercise Effect. American Psychology Association, 42 (11). Retrieved from http://APA.org/moniter/2011/12/exercise.apx
Asch, S. E. (1951). Effects of group pressure upon the modification and distortion of judgment. In H. Guetzkow (ed.) Groups, leadership and men. Pittsburgh, PA: Carnegie Press.
Asch, S. E. (1952). Group forces in the modification and distortion of judgments.
Asch, S. E. (1956). Studies of independence and conformity: I. A minority of one against a unanimous majority. Psychological monographs: General and applied, 70(9), 1-70.
Perrin, S., & Spencer, C. (1980). The Asch effect: a child of its time? Bulletin of the British Psychological Society, 32, 405-406.
Colser, R. L. (1961). Insulation from observability and types of social conformity. American Sociological Review, 26(1), 28-39
Granados, C., Wulf, G., (7/17/2006). Enhanced Motor Learning Through Dyad Practice Contributions of Observation and Dialogue. https://faculty .unlv.edu/wpmu/gwulf/files/2014/05/Granados_Wulf_2007.pdf
McLeod, S., (2007). What is Conformity?, www.simplypsychology.org/confomity.html
McLeod, S., (2008). Asch Experiment, http://www.simplypsychology.org/asch-conformity.html
Zhang, G., Ding, Y., (2012). Scholarly conformity: Origins, framework, application, and implications. https://www. asis.org/asist2012/proceedings/submissions/235.pdf
Castelli, D., Hillman, C., Buck, S., & Erwin, H. (2007, April 27). Physical fitness and academic achievement in 3rd and 5th grade students. Retrieved November 5, 2015, from http://www.researchgate.net/publication/6269226_Physical_fitness_and_academic_achievement_in_3rd_and_5th_grade_students
Do Short Physical Activity Breaks in Classrooms Work? (2013, February 1). Retrieved November 14, 2015, from http://activelivingresearch.org/files/ALR_Brief_ActivityBreaks_Feb2013.pdf
Fogelholm, M., Nuutinen, O., Pasanen, M., Myöhänen, E., & Säätelä, T. (2000). Parent– child relationship of physical activity patterns and obesity. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord International Journal of Obesity,1262-1268.
Hill, L., Williams, J., Aucott, L., Milne, J., Thomson, J., Greig, J., . . . Mon-Williams, M. (2010). Exercising attention within the classroom. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 929-934.
Sattlemair, J., &Ratey, J. (2009). Physically Active Play and Cognition An Academic Matter? Retrieved November 7, 2015, from http://johnratey.typepad.com/SattelRatey.pdf
Viadero, D. (2008, February 13). Exercise Seen as Priming Pump for Students' Academic Strides. Retrieved November 5, 2015, from http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2008/02/13/23exercise_ep.h27.html
HELP PREVENT COMMON INJURY
Heidloff, D. (2011, November 15). 5 Ways to Reduce Your Chance of an Ankle Sprain - Athletico. Retrieved November 19, 2015, from http://www.athletico.com/2011/11/15/5-ways-to-reduce-your-chance-of-an-ankle-sprain/
Shoulder Injury Prevention. (2014). Retrieved November 17, 2015, from https://www.shoulderdoc.co.uk/article/1370
Tis, L. (2012, January 10). ACSM | Articles. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from https://www.acsm.org/public-information/articles/2012/01/10/basic-knee-injury-prevention
Carr, L.J., Paul, L., Leonhard, C., Tucker, S., Fethke, N., Benzo, R., & Gerr, F. (2015). Total Worker Health Intervention increases activity of sedentary workers. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.06.022
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm#ReduceCardiovascularDisease
Taliaferro, L.A., Rienzo, B.A., Pigg, R.M., Miller, M.D., & Dodd, V.J. (2010). Associations between physical activity and reduced rates of hopelessness, depression, and suicidal behavior among college students. Journal of American College Health, 57(4), 427-436. doi: 10.3200/JACH.57.4.427-436
Drayton, W., Gullatt, C., & Johnson, L. (2006). Sleep deprivation among college students. Scarborough: National Association of African American Studies, 1639-1654.
Garaulet, M., Ortega, F. B., Ruiz, J. R., Rey-lópez, ,J.P., Béghin, L., Manios, Y., . . . Moreno, L. A. (2011). Short sleep duration is associated with increased obesity markers in european adolescents: Effect of physical activity and dietary habits. the HELENA study. International Journal of Obesity, 35(10), 1308-17. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2011.149
Jarrin, D. C., Mcgrath, J. J., & Drake, C. L. (2013). Beyond sleep duration: Distinct sleep dimensions are associated with obesity in children and adolescents. International Journal of Obesity, 37(4), 552-8. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/ijo.2013.4
Mcknight-Eily, L., Eaton, D., Lowry, R., Croft, J., Presley-Cantrell, L., and Perry, S., "Relationships between Hours of Sleep and Health-risk Behaviors in US Adolescent Students." Preventive Medicine 53.4-5 (2011): 271-73. Web.
Miller, B., O’Connor, H., Orr, R., Ruell, P., Cheng, H., and Chow, C., "Combined Caffeine and Carbohydrate Ingestion: Effects on Nocturnal Sleep and Exercise Performance in Athletes." European Journal of Applied Physiology 114.12 (2014): 2529-537.
Psychology Today. (n.d.). Priming. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/priming).
Tipper, S. Weaver, B. (2008). Negative priming. Retrieved from http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Negative_priming
Ryan, R., Williams, G., Patrick, H., & Deci, E. (2008). Self-Determination Theory and Physical Activity: The Dynamics of Motivation in Development and wellness. Hellenic Journal of Psychology,6, 107-124.
Insufficient Sleep, 2015. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/features/dssleep/
Health and Achievement, 2014. Retrieved from
How Much Sleep Do I Need?, 2013. Retrieved from
Are You Getting Enough Sleep?, 2014. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/features/sleep/
Boosting your immunity: what helps and what Harms your body's ability to defend itself. (2008). Consumer Reports on Health, 20(12), 8-‐92p.
Nieman, D. (2011). Moderate Exercise Improves Immunity and Decreases Illness Rates. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 5(4), 338-345.
Nishiguchi, S., Yamada, M., Tanigawa, T., Sekiyama, K., Kawagoe, T., Suzuki, M., Yoshikawa, S., Abe, N., Otsuka, Y., Nakai, R., Aoyama, T., & Tsuboyama, T., (2015) A 12-Week Physical and Cognitive Exercise Program Can Improve Cognitive Function and Neural Efficiency in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63:7, 1355-1363. doi:10.1111/jgs.13481
Schwabe, L., & Wolf, O. (2009). Learning under stress impairs memory formation. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 183-188.
Wang, Y., Taylor, L., Pearl, M., & Chang, L. (2004). Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Physical and Mental Health of College Students. American Journal Of Chinese Medicine.
Scully, D, Kremer, J, Meade, M.M., Graham, R, Dudgeon, K. (1998). Physical exercise and psychological well being: a critical review. British Journal of Sports Medicine. (32), 111-120. Retrieved from http://bjsm.bmj.com/content/32/2/111.full.pdf+html
Mammen, G., MSc, Faulkner, G, PhD. (2014, February). Can Physical Activity Prevent Depression? Centre4activeliving, (21)1. Retrieved from https://www.centre4activeliving.ca/media/filer_public/ 35/ca/35cad781-301b-4080-9100- 3a6a475c37c8/2014-feb-depression.pdf
Branscum, P., & Bhochhibhoya, A. (n.d.). Exploring the Relationships of Physical Activity,
Emotional Intelligence and Health in Taiwan College Students. Journal of Exercise
Science & Fitness, 55-63.
Cardinal, B. (n.d.). How Can We Help College and University Students Stay Active and Healthy
for Life? Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 53-53.
Warburton, D. (2006). Health benefits of physical activity: The evidence. Canadian Medical
Association Journal, 801-809.
Melton, B., Bland, H., Czech, D., & Egli, T. (2011). Influence of age, sex, and race on college students' exercise motivation of physical activity. Journal of American College Health, 59(5), 399-406. doi:10.1080/07448481.2010.513074
American College of Sports Medicine. (2015). ACSM certified personal trainer. Retrieved from
American Council on Exercise. (2014). Personal trainer certification. Retrieved
from http://www.acefitness.org/fitness-certifications/personal-trainer-certification/default.aspxamSTATZ. (2015, February 6). 7 characteristics of successful personal trainers. Retrieved
Chertok, G. (n.d.). Tips to stay focused and relaxed. Retrieved from
Dolan, S. (2012, January 20). Benefits of group exercise. Retrieved
National Academy of Sports Medicine. (n.d.). Become a certified personal trainer. Retrieved from
Redenius, D. H. (2006). Personal trainers’ leadership styles, motivational language and perceived quality of relationship
between clients and trainers (Master’s thesis). Available from ProQuest Dissertations Publishing. (UMI 1435338)
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2014, January 8). Fitness trainers and instructors. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/ooh/personal-care-and-service/fitness-trainers-and instructors.htm
Benefits of Physical Activity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.shapeup.org/fitness/info/benefit.html
Benefits of Physical Activity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.phitamerica.org/Benefits_of_Physical_Activity.htm
Heart Health Benefits of Physical Activity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/heart_health_benefits_of_physical_activity/
Physical Activity Reduces Stress | Anxiety and Depression Association of America, ADAA. (n.d.). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from
Physical Activity and Health. (2015, June 4). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/
Physical Activity for a Healthy Weight. (2015, May 15). Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/physical_activity/
Physical inactivity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://www.world-heart-federation.org/cardiovascular-health/cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors/physical-inactivity/
Physical Activity and Health. (2015, ). Retrieved
Edman, J., Lynch, W., & Yates, A. (2014).
The Impact of Exercise Performance Dissatisfaction and Physical Exercise on Symptoms of Depression Among College Students: A Gender Comparison. Retrieved from
Physical Activity and Health.
(2015, ). Retrieved
Alvino, G. (2007). The Chakra System. Retrieved November 17, 2015, from http://www.hearttoheartassociates.com/core_chakra.htm
Czarnota, D. (2015). Chakra Lotus. Dreamstime.com http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-image-chakra-lotus-d-rendering-seven-flowers-colors-image31296501
Crown Chakra Yoga Poses. (2013). Chakras.info. http://www.chakras.info/crown-chakra/crown-chakra-yoga-poses/
Fondin, M. (2014). The Root Chakra: Muladhara. Chopra Centered Lifestyle. http://www.chopra.com/ccl/the-root-chakra-muladhara
Herring, B. (2007). Yoga Poses for the Chakra System. Cruz Bay Publishing. http://www.yogajournal.com/article/beginners/asanas-for-the-chakra-system/
How to Open Your Solar Plexus Chakra aka Manipura. (2012). Beaverton, Oregon: Mindvalley. http://www.chakrahealing.com/blog/solar-plexus-chakra-healing/
Judith, A. (2004). Eastern Body Western Mind: Psychology and the Chakra System as a Path to the Self. New York: Celestial Arts, an imprint of the Crown Publishing Center.
Sonyaillustration. (2015). Dreastime.com http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-illustration-meditation-aura-chakras-watercolor-illustration-image52286334
Weaver, S. (2012). The Seven Chakra Symbols and Their Meaning. Spiritual Growth Prophecies. http://www.2012-spiritual-growth-prophecies.com/chakra-symbols.html
Zzz's Get Degrees
Healthy Sleep. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2015, from
(n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2015, from
Dieringer, K. (2012, December 18). Motivating Compliance. Retrieved November 11, 2015, from http://physical-therapy.advanceweb.com/Archives/Article-Archives/Motivating-Compliance.aspx
Landro, L. (2013, April 29). To Motivate Patients to Change, Doctors Stop Scolding. Retrieved November 15, 2015, from http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887323528404578452862092810552
Montag, J. (2002, February 1). Motivating Factors. Retrieved November 13, 2015, from http://physical-therapy.advanceweb.com/Article/Motivating-Factors.aspx
Sears, B. (2012, December 30). Stay Motivated in Physical Therapy. Retrieved November 12, 2015, from http://physicaltherapy.about.com/od/typesofphysicaltherapy/a/Motivation-In-Physical-Therapy.htm
Smith, R. (2011). Motivational Strategies for Improving Patient Compliance with Rehabilitation. Retrieved November 16, 2015, from http://www.ccptr.org/articles/motivational-strategies-for-improving-patient-compliance-with-rehabilitation/
Abbate, C.S., Ruggieri, S., Boca, S. (2013). The effect of prosocial priming in the presence of bystanders. Journal of Social Psychology, 153(5).
Garcia, S.M., Weaver, K., Darley, J.M., Moskowitz, G.B. (2002). Crowded minds: The implicit bystander effect. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83(4), 843-853. DOI: 10.1037//0022-3518.104.22.1683
Links from citations:
Alzheimer’s Association (n.d.) What Is Alzheimer’s? Retrieved November 13, 2015,